Noni fruit: possible health benefits and risks

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The noni fruit, whose scientific name is Morinda citrifoliais originally from Southeast Asia, Indonesia and Polynesia, and is widely used in these countries due to its supposed medicinal and therapeutic properties, such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial and hypoglycemic.

Although it can also be found in Brazil, both in its natural form and in the form of juice, industrialized versions of the fruit are not approved by ANVISA, as these products contain a high concentration of noni fruit, which could be toxic to the body.

Possible benefits of fruit

So far, there are few studies carried out with the noni fruit, however, its composition is already well known and, therefore, it is possible to assume the possible benefits of the fruit. Thus, the substances that may have some activity are:

  1. Vitamin C and other natural antioxidants: they can help fight aging and prevent the onset of chronic diseases;
  2. polyphenolsor phenolic compounds: normally have a strong antibiotic and anti-inflammatory potential;
  3. Carbohydrates and Proteins: are important sources of energy;
  4. Beta-carotene and vitamin A: they can help in the production of collagen, which can have benefits for the skin, hair and nails, in addition to being able to strengthen the immune system and protect vision;
  5. Mineralssuch as calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron and phosphorus: they are important to maintain proper functioning of all organs;
  6. Other phytonutrientssuch as vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, C, E and folic acid: can reduce free radicals and regulate the body’s metabolism.

However, it is important to remember that these benefits are not yet proven in humans, since there are not enough studies to prove its action, dose, contraindications and safety. For this reason, consumption of the fruit should be avoided.

The noni fruit has very similar physical characteristics to soursop and pear fruit, however, these fruits should not be confused as they have very different properties.

Possible risks of noni fruit

Although it has the potential to have several health benefits, noni fruit is not approved by Anvisa, at least for the production and sale of industrialized products. This happens for two main reasons: first, because there are no human studies that prove the safety of the fruit, and second, because some cases were reported in 2005 and 2007 of serious liver damage after ingesting noni juice.

This side effect was mostly seen in people who consumed an average of 1 to 2 liters of noni juice over an approximate period of 4 weeks. In addition, it was found that concentrations of noni above 1000 mg/kg can have a toxic effect on the body, in addition to causing gastrointestinal irritation, a feeling of discomfort and damage to the kidneys and liver. For safety reasons, it is not recommended to consume this fruit in any quantity.

Does noni fruit fight cancer?

In popular culture the noni fruit has the potential to cure a number of diseases, including cancer, depression, allergies and diabetes, however its use is not safe and can put health at risk. For this reason, consumption of noni is not recommended until there is concrete evidence of its safety and effectiveness, with tests carried out on humans.

At the moment a substance called damnacanthal, a compound extracted from the roots of noni, is being studied in several researches against cancer, but still without satisfactory results.

Noni fruit slimming?

Despite the frequent reports that noni fruit helps in weight loss, it is still not possible to confirm this information, as more scientific studies are needed to prove this effect and what is the effective dose to achieve it. In addition, rapid weight loss is normal when the body is sick, and it is more likely that the weight loss resulting from Noni consumption is not for the expected reasons, but for the development of liver disease.

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

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The translator user relied on the following text:

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Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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