Inflammation of the lymph nodes occurs as a response of the immune system to a bacterial or viral infection, because they act as a barrier that traps these microorganisms, preventing the infection from spreading to other parts of the body. The ganglios of the skin become inflamed after mild infections such as flu, colds or sore throat.
In less frequent cases, inflammation of these ganglia can also be a sign of a more serious problem, such as cancer, AIDS or a tumor in the area where the ganglion is found. See other causes of inflamed ganglia in other regions of the body.
The main causes of inflammation of the lymph nodes in the skin:
1. Flu and colds
They are one of the main causes of inflammation of the ganglia of the skin, which occurs due to the fact that the organism is acting to attack the infection caused by the influenza virus such as H1N1 or H3N2 or the cold. In these diseases, the lymph nodes can appear anywhere. See how to identify the flu.
What to do: you should consult a general doctor to recommend a treatment for the flu or cold, which generally consists of the use of analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs and medications to treat symptoms such as symptoms and fever, causing the nodules to disappear when the virus is eliminated.
See some home remedies to treat the flu and the cold.
2. Throat inflammation
Although sore throat can arise in cases of flu, it can also occur due to bacterial infections such as in tonsillitis, for example. In these cases, the lymph nodes become inflamed due to the excess work of the immune system to fight the infection.
In addition to the lymph nodes, which usually appear on the side of the skin, it is also possible to have other symptoms such as sore throat, especially when swallowing, fever and malaise.
What to do: It is advisable to consult a general practitioner to evaluate the cause of sore throat, which in case of a bacterial infection may recommend the use of antibiotics for its treatment. See how to treat sore throat with home remedies in the video below:
3. Ear infection
The ear infections are similar to the inflammation of the throat, being able to activate the immune system and make the lymph nodes become inflamed, especially in the region behind the ears.
This type of infection nevertheless causes symptoms such as pain in the ear, difficulty in listening, comezón, bad odor or production of pus.
What to do: You must see a doctor to evaluate the infection and start antibiotic treatment if necessary. Usually the ganglia disappear when the infection is treated.
4. Heridas or stings in the skin
Heridases and bites are places where bacteria and viruses can easily enter the body, and when the immune system occurs, it starts to work to eliminate the problem. In the most serious cases where there is a high number of microorganisms, the immune system works in excess and can cause inflammation of the lymph nodes.
What to do: The site of the herida or the sting should be identified and evaluated if there are signs of infection such as reddening, swelling and intense pain. If this happens, you should go to a general practitioner to start the most appropriate treatment.
5. Autoimmune diseases
Autoimmune diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, as well as HIV/AIDS seriously affect the immune system, and due to this, the body’s defense cells can accumulate in the lymph nodes, causing inflammation and as a result of this increase in size.
In these cases, the nodules can appear in several places on the body, in addition to the skin, and other symptoms such as muscle pain, nausea, vomiting and night sweats are also common.
What to do: If you are suspicious of the presence of an autoimmune disease, it is recommended to go to the general practitioner, so that he can be evaluated and indicate the performance of tests that help to identify the problem and start the most appropriate treatment according to the case.
The different types of cancer require a lot of work on the part of the immune system and this is why lymph nodes are common in various regions of the body. In addition, the most frequent types of cancer that cause lymphomas and leukemia. See a complete guide to leukemia.
What to do: When all other causes have been excluded, but the lymph nodes are still inflamed, it is necessary to carry out blood tests to identify tumor markers or other tests that help diagnose the presence of some cancer or tumor in the body, such as a computerized tomography or the magnetic resonance. Know what are the exams that help detect the presence of a cancer in the organism here.
How is the treatment performed?
As the lymph nodes are the body’s response to the presence of invading microorganisms and/or the presence of an inflammatory process, their treatment consists of eliminating them. Therefore, it may be necessary to take analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs or even antibiotics, depending on the cause that generates the increase in lymph nodes.
Sometimes, lymph nodes can be one of the symptoms of lymphoma, a type of tumor that affects the immune system. In the cases where this illness is diagnosed, it is necessary to resort to an Oncologist so that treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy are carried out to combat the illness.
See more on how to identify lymphoma.
Home remedy for inflamed ganglia
An excellent home remedy is the realization of a cataplasm of clay with onion, due to the fact that when absorbed through the skin it helps the body to fight the invading agents. To prepare it, you need:
- grated onion;
Mix a well of clay and grated onion in a bottle, apply this mixture on the inflamed ganglion and cover it with gas for 15 minutes so that it is absorbed.
In addition to this, you should also increase the consumption of foods rich in vitamin C and increase your water intake, with the aim of strengthening the body’s defenses to help fight the disease more easily. See how to climb the body’s defenses.
When should you see the doctor
Since the inflammation of the ganglia of the skin can be a sign of serious problems, it is recommended to consult a general doctor when there is no apparent reason, when they increase from size to length of time, they are very hard or are accompanied by other symptoms such as: persistent fever, night sweats or weight loss.
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